An ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist is a medical doctor trained in managing illnesses related to the ears, nose, nasal passage, sinuses, larynx, oral cavity, upper pharynx, as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT specialists are experts in both medical and surgical management of the following:
Tinnitus is a condition when an individual hears a sound that no one else can hear. Different people hear different types of sounds such as ringing, buzzing, or other sounds. This condition can vary in intensity and can be constant or frequent. Tinnitus can sometimes lead to hearing loss.
The causes of tinnitus are:
Different treatment options include:
As its name suggests, nasal airway obstruction is a condition where the nasal passage gets blocked and makes it difficult for an individual to breathe through his nose. Sometimes the cause of nasal airway obstruction is enlarged turbinates. Turbinates are small, bony structures located in the nasal passages that are covered with mucous membranes. This condition makes everyday activities such as eating, speaking, and sleeping more difficult.
There are many causes of nasal airway obstruction including:
Traditional medical therapy, including allergen/irritant avoidance and/or use of nasal medications, may be enough to treat turbinate enlargement. However, following treatment options are possible:
Septoplasty – This is a surgical procedure carried out to correct the shape of the septum of the nose.
Tonsillitis is a kind of disorder which involves swelling of tonsils. The major reason behind tonsillitis is an infection caused by the bacteria or virus. Tonsils are small lymphoepithelial tissues situated near the oropharynx and nasopharynx. These immunocompetent tissues are the immune system’s first line of defense against ingested or inhaled foreign pathogens. They are located on both sides of the throat.
Below are the symptoms of tonsillitis:
The causes of tonsillitis are:
Following treatment options are available for tonsillitis:
Sinusitis refers to the inflammation of the sinus membranes due to an infection caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The sinuses are air-filled spaces in the skull. The following are the types of sinuses: Frontal sinuses, Maxillary sinuses, Ethmoid sinuses, Sphenoid sinuses. If the opening from a sinus cavity becomes blocked, the flow of the mucus gets blocked and results in pressure buildup causing pain and inflammation.
Following are the types of sinuses:
If the opening from a sinus cavity becomes blocked, the flow of mucus gets blocked and results in pressure buildup causing pain and inflammation.
Sinusitis can be caused due to following reasons:
The most common symptom of acute sinusitis is a cold that doesn’t go away. Other symptoms are:
Dr. Panigrahi passed his MBBS from SCB Medical College, Cuttack in 1995. She has completed his MS (ENT & Head and Neck) from SCB, Medical College, Cuttack in the year 2006. Dr. Panigrahi did her Fellowship in Micro ear surgery at Karnataka and Endoscopic Sinus Surgery at Hyderabad. She was also trained in Head and Neck Oncosurgery at Tata Memorial Center, Kolkata. Dr. Panigrahi working as Prof. in the department of ENT at Hitech Medical College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar.